Crop vs Full Frame - Which Camera Do You Need? Common usage: Wedding, event, sports, concerts. Reported focusing issues (long focusing times and slower shutter speed). Distinct signature fisheye distortion. Types of Lenses. Welcome to a beginner’s guide on the different types of camera lenses. Very precise! Showing everything exactly as the human eye sees it: if what you see is mundane, it could look boring. Everything looks exactly like the human eye sees it. They are ultra-wide and have an unmistakable distortion that is like looking through the eye of a fish. Types of Wide Angle Lens: 14mm, 20mm, 21mm, 24mm, 28mm, 35mm. Probably some creative shots and not much else. It can be useful to try different types of camera lenses for different perspectives and compositions. The truth is, many lenses are expensive, so we often choose a type of photography and then pick a few lenses that work with our vision. This very specific lens is most often used in abstract photography, and allows you to capture the most panoramic view given by any other type of photography lens. One final word of advice for the beginners though – If you are thinking of buying a superzoom lens (like the 24-300mm) to “one size fits all”, please think twice. Which one should you choose? The best choice for sunglasses. With hi-index lenses, vision can be corrected with less material, making the lens much thinner. Kit lenses are excellent companions for general-purpose photography because they rarely come in a focal length longer than 18-55mm. Types of Fisheye Lenses:  Any range from 8-24mm. Types of Zoom Lenses: 17-40mm, 24-105mm, 70-200mm. Keep in mind that with wide-angle lenses, the lower the number focal lengths, the more that will fit in your frame. There are so many different types of eyeglass lenses that, with a little information, it is easy for nearly everyone who wears glasses to get just the right thing to fit their prescription and lifestyle needs. Types of Telephoto Lenses: 70-300mm, 100-400mm, 300mm, 400mm, 600mm. I’ll never be a pro, probably strive for being a well-informed hobbyist rubbing elbows with experts, bantering tips, techniques, and striving for perfection in what goes on twelve inches behind every camera … as someone once said. What it is: These lenses are named after the pictures they produce. The 18-55mm lens is a classic kit lens for both Nikon and Canon. This final section is not really touching on the types of lenses, but are the stuff related to it. Although this is not quite a big issue with expensive lenses that don’t suffer as much distortion. Even if you’ve been in the photography world for years, you may not be experienced with many types of camera lenses. Depending on the look you’re looking for, the limited depth of field and compression can either be a downside or advantage in taking high quality photos. Enjoy the process of choosing the perfect camera lenses for you and your artistic personality! There are great options for renting lenses, to avoid any buyer’s remorse if you discover that you don’t like a lens. -, Family Photography Tips for the New Photographer. Type of Macro Lens: Variety of prime focal lengths ranging from 50-200mm. Which lens does what? Yes, as with the example image above, the focal length is measured in millimeters (mm). This camera lens is GREAT for weddings, portraits and. We don’t have to walk a lot, or go on a lens changing frenzy with a good zoom lens. A wide angle lens is very versatile and tend to be really affordable. For the beginners who don’t know – There is something called “crop sensor” and “full-frame sensor” in the world of cameras. They tend to be heavy, and often require the use of a tripod. These camera lenses are generally wide-angled, ranging from 17mm to 35mm. All rights reserved. We also participate in affiliate programs with Bluehost, ShareASale, Clickbank, and other sites. Terms & Conditions But take that with a pinch of salt, as the quality of a lens really depends on the glass, not the aperture. These camera lenses tend to be expensive. Disadvantages: Macro lenses are rather specialized in macro photography only. You can also consider super-telephoto lenses as sports or wildlife lenses as the focal length enables you to stay at a certain spot while focusing on faraway subjects clearly. Very specific uses, not great for portraits. The 55mm focal end is also good for highlighting details and compressing perspective in portrait photography. All right, armed with the knowledge of the basic technical terms, it is time to explain the different types of camera lenses – From the big guns to small portable ones, what they are commonly used for, the advantages and disadvantages of each. (Remember that if you have a crop sensor camera, this focal length is about 1.5x longer focal. Shallow Focus, How to Care for Your Camera and Other Gear. Macro lenses will show details of fine hairs on insects, water droplets on plants, or detailed shots of diamond rings. Advantages: The first question that most beginners will probably ask is “Why do people even want inconvenient lenses that don’t have zoom”? A 24mm prime lens will give you the widest view, while a 135mm prime lens will crop in much closer! Advantages: Opens a new world of photography. Tilt-shift camera lenses distort perspective, making subjects appear smaller than their original dimensions or sizes. Common usage: Portrait, food, products, street photography. Multifocal lenses, also known as accommodating lenses, are the newest type of IOL. 17-35mm is the focal length of the lens. What it is: The opposite of zoom lenses, prime lenses are fixed and cannot zoom. So always check if you are getting the correct lens for your camera. Reduces lens distortion to improve image quality. There are lenses built specifically for crop sensor cameras, and for full-frame cameras. A prime lens is a fixed focal length. Wide angle is not great for achieving compression (also known as bokeh or a blurry background). The two main types of lenses are: Convex Lens (Converging) Concave Lens (Diverging) Convex lenses are thick in the middle and thinner at the edges. Good for generic and everyday use. Primes lenses are those that have a fixed focal length such as 35mm, 50mm, 85mm, 135mm and so on. What it is: This is not really a type of lens but we usually call lenses that are packaged with cameras as the “kit lens”. Disadvantages: Pancake lenses are usually wide-angle prime lenses, and don’t have a lot of range. She met her Hungarian prince charming at a gothic bar, where she witnessed him do a super sweet (totally sober) somersault on the dance floor. What it is: Typically, any lens with a small f-number (f/2 or less) is considered to be a “large aperture lens”, “low light lens” or “fast lens”. However, it becomes essential to clean the […], […] Prime suelen ser las más livianas, ya que están construidas con la menor cantidad de componentes. Once you have an idea of the focal ranges of the different types of camera lenses, you then need to decide whether you are going for a fixed prime lens, or a zoom lens. Check out his website if you want to be blown away! Stuff that we cannot see with the naked eye. Common usage: Nearly anything, mostly casual shots. Landscape photographers tend to use a wide-angle camera lens to make sure they get the full scene of what they are photographing. What it is: As the name describes itself, this is a lens that zooms… Or if you want to make yourself look like an expert, just say “zoom lenses have a variable focal length”. We have come to the end of the list, and hopefully, this has given you a little more insight into the various types of camera lenses. Just what are the different types of lenses? They allow you to see at more than one distance without the need of eyeglasses or contact lenses. What else can we do with a microscope? Not your everyday lens for sure. We are going to break down all the lenses you have when it comes to expanding your normal lens arsenal! […] Batis is a standard prime lens. A lens great for general photography from interiors, to landscapes and portraits.